Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that typically takes the form of intensely itchy patches that subsequently become red and irritated from scratching. It sometimes causing swelling, cracking, scaling, or even weeping of clear fluid. 10-20 percent of children and 1-3 percent of adults develop atopic dermatitis.
In infants, the condition tends to develop on the forehead, cheeks, and scalp. While infantile eczema tends to get better with time, some adults can develop lifelong atopic dermatitis. In this instance, rashes often develop on the elbows, knees, ankles, and wrists.
Hand eczema can have many causes including overexposure to certain chemicals or irritation caused by physical trauma. Hand eczema can become chronic without proper diagnosis and treatment from a dermatologist. Treatments often include topical skin medication combined with lifestyle changes like avoiding certain chemical irritants and protecting the skin from harsh UV rays.