Hair loss, or alopecia, can come in several forms with differing causes. The two most common causes for hair loss are improper chemical treatments and hereditary thinning or balding. Hair loss from treatments often results from the overuse of hair dyes, tints, bleaches or straighteners, causing hair to become weak and break. Treatment for this type of hair loss is simply abstaining from further use of said chemicals. In the case of hereditary baldness a dermatologist will often recommend either a topical minoxidil or oral finasteride treatment. Other forms of hair loss can be brought on by stress, scarring of the scalp, or ringworm fungus. A dermatologist can help determine the type and solution to these various causes.
For cases where baldness is permanent, such as male pattern baldness, dermatologists can offer hair restoration treatments. Unnatural plug transplants have given way to a more natural grafting process wherein hair is taken from another body region and transplanted to the area of hair loss. The success of this procedure has greatly reduced the need for scalp reduction surgery as well, wherein the surgeon removes the portion of bald skin and sutures the two sides that have hair together. In some cases a combination of transplants and scalp reduction can be used. A consultation with a dermatologist will help determine the best option for you.