Sometimes, shoulder pain can be caused by impingement of the rotator cuff under the overlying bone. This can potentially result in recurrent irritation of the rotator cuff tendon. Often times, non-surgical treatment with a course of physical therapy and/or injection can resolve the symptoms. If this conservative care is unsuccessful, many patients find relief through decompression surgery in which more space is created for the tendon to avoid continual impingement. This surgery is done arthroscopically as an outpatient. There are very few restrictions after surgery and range of motion, strength, and function are allowed as pain tolerates.