Heart surgery is done to repair or correct problems in or around the heart. Some of these problems may be coronary arteries that are blocked, heart valves that are damaged, or an opening in the heart wall. Open heart surgery is done with or without a heart/lung bypass machine. Ministry Health Care has two advanced heart care surgical centers, Ministry Saint Clare's Hospital in Weston and Ministry Saint Joseph's Hospital in Marshfield.
Types of cardiac procedures include:
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed to restore blood flow to the heart muscle. A vein from the leg (saphenous vein), or an artery from the inside of the chest (mammary artery), can be used to “bypass” (go around) the clogged area of the coronary artery.
Valves are small flaps of tissue that keep blood flowing in the right direction through the heart. Valves are located between the four chambers of the heart. Valves are replaced or repaired. Replacement of the valve requires the scarred or damaged valve to be removed and an artificial valve be put in its place.
Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass (OP-CAB) Surgery
This procedure is used when possible to decrease surgical risks. This technique uses a mechanical stabilizing device to steady the heart muscle during surgery. The heart does not stop beating, thus the heart-lung machine is not needed.
Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR)
TMR is a procedure done to bring blood (oxygen) to the heart using a laser. TMR can be done alone or in combination with heart bypass surgery.
Visit oneheartcareteam.org to learn more about heart surgery procedures available from the Marshfield Clinic and Ministry Health Care Heart Care Team.